To stay properly secure and safe you should change your router’s Wi-fi password once in a while and although at first this may seem a bit daunting, don’t panic as it really isn’t that difficult. You can back out of it at anytime, and until you click on the “save” button right at the end, no changes will be made to your router’s settings. Following is a detailed step-by-step guide which we’ve illustrated to help.
Print this document out (print icon top left) as you may temporarily lose your local Wi-Fi connection (until you enter your new password) so grab a pen & paper, make a cup of coffee/tea and relax.
Step 1: In the address bar (figure-1) at the top of your browser (Chrome or Firefox etc) type in the IP address of your router and press enter.
Your router’s IP address (sometimes called default gateway) is normally written on a sticker underneath (figure-3) and common addresses are 192.168.1.1 or 192.168.0.1 but if these don’t work then Google the make model of your router or maybe message us and we will investigate.
If you’re successful with the IP address then you should see a control panel login screen similar to (figure- 2)
Step 2: Enter the login name and password which you’ll hopefully have on a sticker underneath the router. (figure-3) Common usernames are admin, and admin also for the password. Sometimes the word password or no password at all, again Google the make and model of your router followed by “username” which should point you in the right direction.
Step 3: Once logged in you should see the router main setup screen something similar to (figure-4) We’ve used a TP-Link router as an example as they are probably the most common brand here in Spain but most manufacturers use a very similar layout.
Navigate to the menu option “Wireless” or “Security” and you should see a new screen similar to (figure-5)
Step 4: This is the screen where you can change your Wi-Fi password. Look for a box labeled “passcode” “password” “shared key” or similar and type in your new password. I recommend using 8 characters with a mixture of uppercase, lowercase and numbers but WRITE IT DOWN SOMEWHERE SAFE. There should be a “Save” or “Apply” button at the bottom which will write these changes permanently to the router and you’re done.
A bit more technical, but if you want to check or change the level of Wi-Fi security that your router is using then read on. Most of you will probably already be using WPA2 but if not then you should definitely make the change. This is the order of preference regarding Wi-Fi security/encryption.
WPA2-PSK (AES) Highly secure and fast.
WPA2-PSK (TKIP) Less secure and a bit slower but adequate.
WPA-PSK (TKIP) WPA is not really secure enough and has long been superseded by WPA2
WEP Definitely not secure enough.
Look and write down your current settings just in case you need to revert back. If your router has the option then look for a page or dropdown list where you can see what level of Wi-Fi encryption you are using. Make sure you are using the more modern and secure WPA2-PSK and (if available) choose AES over TKIP (if you see the option “Personal” or “Enterprise” set this to personal) Older routers used WEP and WPA which really isn’t secure enough these days so if you don’t see an option for WPA2 then maybe consider a new router.
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